Bed bugs are found across the globe. They are on every continent from North and South America, to Africa, Asia and Europe. The presence of bed bugs has traditionally been seen as a problem in developing countries, yet has  been recently spreading rapidly in parts of the United States, Canada, and Europe. Bed bugs have been found in five-star hotels and resorts and their presence is not determined by the cleanliness of the living conditions where they are found.

Bed bug infestations usually occur around or near the areas where people sleep. These areas include apartments, shelters, rooming houses, hotels, cruise ships, buses, trains, and dorm rooms. They hide during the day in places such as seams of mattresses, box springs, bed frames, headboards, dresser tables, inside cracks or crevices, behind wallpaper, or any other clutter or objects around a bed. Bed bugs have been shown to be able to travel over 100 feet in a night but often can be found  within 10 feet of where people sleep.